Prionace glauca skin collagen bioengineered constructs as a promising approach to trigger cartilage regeneration

last updated: 2022-06-29
ProjectBlueHuman :: publications list
TitlePrionace glauca skin collagen bioengineered constructs as a promising approach to trigger cartilage regeneration
Publication TypePapers in Scientific Journals
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsDiogo G. S., Carneiro F., Freitas-Ribeiro S., Sotelo C. G., Pérez Martín R. I., Pirraco R. P., Reis R. L., and Silva T. H.

Representing a strategy of marine by-products valorization, based on isolation of biocompounds and assessment of biomedical applicability, the potential of blue shark (Prionace glauca (PG)) skin collagen to induce chondro- genic differentiation of human adipose stem cells (hASC) was investigated, with and without exogenous stimulation. For that, a cryogelation method was applied to produce highly interconnected porous 3-dimensional (3D) constructs made of collagen and collagen:hyaluronic acid (20:1). In vitro studies reveal that hASC adhere abundantly to the constructs which then suggests the early chondrogenic differentiation of those cells. These findings are supported by the mRNA expression encoding chondrogenic-related markers like Coll II and Sox-9 that are markedly upregulated at an early stage for both conditions, with and without exogenous stimulation.
The introduction of hyaluronic acid (Hya) seems to play a crucial role at later time points, as shown by the
evident immunodetection of aggrecan (ACAN), even without exogenous stimulation. It is hypothesized that the PG collagen itself can support chondrogenic differentiation at early time points, but exogenous stimulation is
required to ensure phenotype maintenance. The present work highlights the relevance of using blue shark
collagen biopolymer as a building block to produce highly effective temporary matrices for cartilage

JournalMaterials Science and Engineering:C
Date Published2021-01-01
KeywordsCartilage regeneration, chondrogenic differentiation, Fish by-products, marine biomaterials, Shark collagen
RightsembargoedAccess (1 Year)
Peer reviewedyes

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