Writing 3D In Vitro Models of Human Tendon within a Biomimetic Fibrillar Support Platform

last updated: 2024-02-01
ProjectWi-Pi :: publications list
TitleWriting 3D In Vitro Models of Human Tendon within a Biomimetic Fibrillar Support Platform
Publication TypePapers in Scientific Journals
Year of Publication2023
AuthorsMonteiro R. F., Bakht S. M., Gómez-Florit M., Stievani F. C., Alves A. L. G., Reis R. L., Gomes M. E., and Domingues R. M. A.

Tendinopathies are poorly understood diseases for which treatment remains challenging. Relevant in vitro models to study human tendon physiology and pathophysiology are therefore highly needed. Here we propose the automated 3D writing of tendon microphysiological systems (MPSs) embedded in a biomimetic fibrillar support platform based on cellulose nanocrystals (CNCs) self-assembly. Tendon decellularized extracellular matrix (dECM) was used to formulate bioinks that closely recapitulate the biochemical signature of tendon niche. A monoculture system recreating the cellular patterns and phenotype of the tendon core was first developed and characterized. This system was then incorporated with a vascular compartment to study the crosstalk between the two cell populations. The combined biophysical and biochemical cues of the printed pattern and dECM hydrogel were revealed to be effective in inducing human-adipose-derived stem cells (hASCs) differentiation toward the tenogenic lineage. In the multicellular system, chemotactic effects promoted endothelial cells migration toward the direction of the tendon core compartment, while the established cellular crosstalk boosted hASCs tenogenesis, emulating the tendon development stages. Overall, the proposed concept is a promising strategy for the automated fabrication of humanized organotypic tendon-on-chip models that will be a valuable new tool for the study of tendon physiology and pathogenesis mechanisms and for testing new tendinopathy treatments.

JournalAcs Applied Materials & Interfaces
Date Published2023-03-23
KeywordsCellulose nanocrystals, Decellularized extracellular matrix, Microphysiological systems, Tendinopathy, tendon-on-chip
Peer reviewedyes

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