Therapeutic Effects of Platelet-Derived Extracellular Vesicles in a Bioengineered Tendon Disease Model

last updated: 2022-08-16
ProjectAchilles :: publications list
TitleTherapeutic Effects of Platelet-Derived Extracellular Vesicles in a Bioengineered Tendon Disease Model
Publication TypePapers in Scientific Journals
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsGraça A. L., Domingues R. M. A., Calejo I., Gómez-Florit M., and Gomes M. E.

Tendon injuries represent over 30–50% of musculoskeletal disorders worldwide, yet the

available therapies do not provide complete tendon repair/regeneration and full functionality restoring.

Extracellular vesicles (EVs), membrane-enclosed nanoparticles, have emerged as the next

breakthrough in tissue engineering and regenerative medicine to promote endogenous tissue regeneration.

Here, we developed a 3D human in vitro model mimicking the signature of pathological

tendon and used it to evaluate the influence that different platelet-derived EVs might have in tendon

tissue repair mechanisms. For this, different EV populations isolated from platelets, small EVs (sEVs)

and medium EVs (mEVs), were added to the culture media of human tendon-derived cells (hTDCs)

cultured on isotropic nanofibrous scaffolds. The platelet-derived EVs increased the expression of

tenogenic markers, promoted a healthy extracellular matrix (ECM) remodeling, and the synthesis of

anti-inflammatory mediators. These findings suggest that platelet EVs provided relevant biochemical

cues that potentiated a recovery of hTDCs phenotype from a diseased to a healthy state. Thus, this

study opens new perspectives for the translation of platelet-derived EVs as therapeutics.

JournalInternational Journal of Molecular Sciences
Date Published2022-03-09
Keywordsextracellular vesicles, fibers, in vitro models, platelets, Tendinopathy, Tendon-derived cells, Tissue engineering
Peer reviewedyes

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