Influence of hyaluronan density on the behavior of breast cancer cells with different CD44 expression

last updated: 2022-02-16
ProjectCANCER_CAGE :: publications list
TitleInfluence of hyaluronan density on the behavior of breast cancer cells with different CD44 expression
Publication TypePapers in Scientific Journals
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsCarvalho A. M., Soares da Costa D., Reis R. L., and Pashkuleva I.

Molecular gradients are common in biosystems and play an essential role in physiological and pathological processes. During carcinogenesis, for example, hyaluronan (HA) homeostasis is dysregulated by cancer cells and the altered synthesis and degradation processes result in the formation of HA gradients within the tumor microenvironment. Herein, a platform is developed to study the biological role of HA gradient in breast cancer cells. Cells with different aggressiveness and expression of CD44—the main HA receptor usually overexpressed in breast cancers, are selected for this study. The developed platform is compatible with several imaging modalities and allows assessment of cell density, morphology, CD44 expression, and cell motility in a function of HA density. Using high-throughput analysis, it is shown that cells that do not express CD44 do not change along the gradient, while CD44 positive cells respond differently to the HA gradient depending on the level of CD44 expression and HA density. This different response is associated with the activation of different signaling pathways by the CD44–HA interactions.

JournalAdvanced Healthcare Materials
Date Published2022-02-16
PublisherWiley-VCH GmbH, Weinheim
Keywordsbiomolecules gradients, breast cancer, CD44, High-throughput platform, Hyaluronic acid
RightsembargoedAccess (1 Year)
Peer reviewedyes

Back to top