Hyaluronan density influences adhesion, morphology and migration of cancer cells

last updated: 2018-09-13
ProjectCytoNanoHeal :: publications list
TitleHyaluronan density influences adhesion, morphology and migration of cancer cells
Publication TypeComunication - Oral
Year of Publication2018
AuthorsCarvalho A. M., Soares da Costa D., Reis R. L., and Pashkuleva I.

Hyaluronan (HA) is a linear non-sulfated glycosaminoglycan present in the extracellular matrix and known to modulate cell-cell and cell-ECM interactions. In cancer, the synthesis, degradation and signaling of HA is altered. For instance, its main receptor, CD44, is overexpressed in several types of cancer and has been correlated with disease progression through cancer cell proliferation, migration and chemoresistance. Herein, we investigated the behavior of breast cancer cells with different CD44 expression and invasion profile on HA density gradients. These gradients were achieved by deposition of colloidal gold (Au) on amino-functionalized surfaces at different ionic strengths and following binding of end-on thiol modified HA on the Au. At low HA density, small number of adherent round cells were found for all studied cell lines. Cells adherent to the areas with high HA density presented a spindle-like morphology. The differences were more pronounced for cells overexpressing CD44. These cells also form long filopodia when adhered on areas with middle and high HA density. Of note, colocalization of CD44 and actin was observed at the filopodias edges. Cell motility was also affected by the gradient – at low densities cells presented higher motility, which decreased with the increase of HA density. Besides this common trend, we observed differences among the studied cells. CD44++ cells had shorter persistent length displacement than CD44+ and CD44-cells. Upon CD44 blockage, the number of CD44++ adherent cells decreased dramatically and cell motility increased, i.e. they behave similarly to CD44- cells. These results suggest that cells recognize HA gradients through CD44 receptors and that the HA density can be used to sort cells with different expression of this receptor.

Conference Name256th ACS National Meeting & Exposition
Date Published2018-08-31
Conference LocationBoston MA, USA
KeywordsCancer, Hyaluronan
Peer reviewedyes

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