Advancing diagnostics and disease modeling: current concepts in biofabrication of soft microfluidic systems

last updated: 2024-06-05
ProjectONCOSCREEN :: publications list
TitleAdvancing diagnostics and disease modeling: current concepts in biofabrication of soft microfluidic systems
Publication TypeReview Paper
Year of Publication2024
AuthorsCasanova C. R., Casanova M. R., Reis R. L., and Oliveira J. M.
EditorsPopat K.
Abstract Text

Soft microfluidic systems play a pivotal role in personalized medicine, particularly in in vitro diagnostics tools and disease modeling. These systems offer unprecedented precision and versatility, enabling the creation of intricate three-dimensional (3D) tissue models that can closely emulate both physiological and pathophysiological conditions. By leveraging innova- tive biomaterials and bioinks, soft microfluidic systems can circumvent the current limitations involving the use of polydi- methylsiloxane (PDMS), thus facilitating the development of customizable systems capable of sustaining the functions of encapsulated cells and mimicking complex biological microenvironments. The integration of lab-on-a-chip technologies with soft nanodevices further enhances disease models, paving the way for tailored therapeutic strategies. The current research concepts underscore the transformative potential of soft microfluidic systems, exemplified by recent breakthroughs in soft lithography and 3D (bio)printing. Novel applications, such as multi-layered tissues-on-chips and skin-on-a-chip devices, demonstrate significant advancements in disease modeling and personalized medicine. However, further exploration is warranted to address challenges in replicating intricate tissue structures while ensuring scalability and reproducibility. This exploration promises to drive innovation in biomedical research and healthcare, thus offering new insights and solutions to complex medical challenges and unmet needs. 

JournalIn vitro models
Date Published2024-06-04
PublisherSpringer Nature
Keywordsbiofabrication, Diagnostic chip, Disease modeling, in vitro models, Microfluidics, Organ-on-a-chip, Soft microfluidics
Peer reviewedyes

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