Untangling the biological and inflammatory behavior of silk-like sutures In vivo

last updated: 2024-02-06
ProjectChimericFibre4Tendon :: publications list
TitleUntangling the biological and inflammatory behavior of silk-like sutures In vivo
Publication TypePapers in Scientific Journals
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsFranco A. R., Pirraco R. P., Fernandes E. M., Rodrigues F., Leonor I. B., Kaplan D. L., and Reis R. L.
EditorsLeong P. K.

Recombinant spider silk materials with antimicrobial peptides are a promising new class of drug-free antimicrobial materials capable of preventing surgical site infections (SSI), but their potential to impede infections is unclear. Herein, we aimed to unravel the biological and inflammatory potential of bioengineered spider silk materials to prevent SSI using an infection animal model. Silk-like fibers made of silk fibroin and spider silk proteins with antimicrobial peptides (6mer-HNP1) held improved stiffness (2.9 GPa) and had a slow biodegradation profile while inhibiting bacterial adherence in vitro by 5-log and 6-log reduction on Methicillin-Resistant Staphylococcus aureus (MRSA) and Escherichia coli (E. coli), respectively. In vivo studies showed that fibers with 6mer-HNP1 elicited a short-term low to mild local inflammatory response, similar to implanted commercial sutures. In the presence of a bacterial infection, the mediators related to infection and inflammation were downregulated suggesting that the fibers maintained a low but active response to bacterial infection. Thus, the presence of 6mer-HNP1 helped the host maintain an active response to bacterial infection, impairing the development of an acute infection. Our findings further support the use of bioengineered spider silk proteins to develop drug-free antimicrobial sutures capable to impair SSI.

Date Published2022-09-27
KeywordsAntimicrobial peptides, Drug-free materials, In vitro and in vivo models, Silk Fibroin, Spider silk
Peer reviewedyes

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