Microfluidic Devices: A Tool for Nanoparticle Synthesis and Performance Evaluation

last updated: 2023-07-28
ProjectPATH - Programa de Doutoramento Norte 2020 :: publications list
TitleMicrofluidic Devices: A Tool for Nanoparticle Synthesis and Performance Evaluation
Publication TypeReview Paper
Year of Publication2023
AuthorsGimondi S., Ferreira H., Reis R. L., and Neves N. M.
Abstract Text

The use of nanoparticles (NPs) in nanomedicine holds great promise for the treatment of diseases for which conventional therapies present serious limitations. Additionally, NPs can drastically improve early diagnosis and follow-up of many disorders. However, to harness their full capabilities, they must be precisely designed, produced, and tested in relevant models. Microfluidic systems can simulate dynamic fluid flows, gradients, specific microenvironments, and multiorgan complexes, providing an efficient and cost-effective approach for both NPs synthesis and screening. Microfluidic technologies allow for the synthesis of NPs under controlled conditions, enhancing batch-to-batch reproducibility. Moreover, due to the versatility of microfluidic devices, it is possible to generate and customize endless platforms for rapid and efficient in vitro and in vivo screening of NPs’ performance. Indeed, microfluidic devices show great potential as advanced systems for small organism manipulation and immobilization. In this review, first we summarize the major microfluidic platforms that allow for controlled NPs synthesis. Next, we will discuss the most innovative microfluidic platforms that enable mimicking in vitro environments as well as give insights into organism-on-a-chip and their promising application for NPs screening. We conclude this review with a critical assessment of the current challenges and possible future directions of microfluidic systems in NPs synthesis and screening to impact the field of nanomedicine.

JournalACS nano
Date Published2023-07-27
Keywordsin vitro models, Microfluidics, Nanomedicine, Nanoparticles, nanoparticles screening, organ-on-a-chip organisms-on-a-chip clinical translation, Synthesis
Peer reviewedyes

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