Manipulating supramolecular gels with surfactants: Interfacial and non-interfacial mechanisms

last updated: 2024-02-28
TitleManipulating supramolecular gels with surfactants: Interfacial and non-interfacial mechanisms
Publication TypeReview Paper
Year of Publication2023
AuthorsDu J., You Y., Reis R. L., Kundu S. C., and Li J.
Abstract Text

Gel is a class of self-supporting soft materials with applications in many fields. Fast, controllable gelation, micro/nano structure and suitable rheological properties are essential considerations for the design of gels for specific applications. Many methods can be used to control these parameters, among which the additive approach is convenient as it is a simple physical mixing process with significant advantages, such as avoidance of pH change and external energy fields (ultrasound, UV light and others). Although surfactants are widely used to control the formation of many materials, particularly nanomaterials, their effects on gelation are less known. This review summarizes the studies that utilized different surfactants to control the formation, structure, and properties of molecular and silk fibroin gels. The mechanisms of surfactants, which are interfacial and non-interfacial effects, are classified and discussed. Knowledge and technical gaps are identified, and perspectives for further research are outlined. This review is expected to inspire increasing research interest in using surfactants for designing/fabricating gels with desirable formation kinetics, structure, properties and functionalities.

JournalAdvances in Colloid and Interface Science
Date Published2023-06-21
KeywordsGel, Gelation, Nanofiber, self-assembly, silk, Surfactant
Peer reviewedyes

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