Large-Scale Functionalized Metasurface-Based SARS-CoV-2 Detection and Quantification

last updated: 2022-09-23
TitleLarge-Scale Functionalized Metasurface-Based SARS-CoV-2 Detection and Quantification
Publication TypePapers in Scientific Journals
Year of Publication2022
AuthorsAhmed R., Guimarães C. F., Wang J., Soto F., Karim A. H., Zhang Z., Reis R. L., Akin D., Paulmurugan R., and Demirci U.

Plasmonic metasurfaces consist of metal–dielectric interfaces that are excitable at background and leakage resonant modes. The sharp and plasmonic excitation profile of metal-free electrons on metasurfaces at the nanoscale can be used for practical applications in diverse fields, including optoelectronics, energy harvesting, and biosensing. Currently, Fano resonant metasurface fabrication processes for biosensor applications are costly, need clean room access, and involve limited small-scale surface areas that are not easy for accurate sample placement. Here, we leverage the large-scale active area with uniform surface patterns present on optical disc-based metasurfaces as a cost-effective method to excite asymmetric plasmonic modes, enabling tunable optical Fano resonance interfacing with a microfluidic channel for multiple target detection in the visible wavelength range. We engineered plasmonic metasurfaces for biosensing through efficient layer-by-layer surface functionalization toward real-time measurement of target binding at the molecular scale. Further, we demonstrated the quantitative detection of antibodies, proteins, and the whole viral particles of SARS-CoV-2 with a high sensitivity and specificity, even distinguishing it from similar RNA viruses such as influenza and MERS. This cost-effective plasmonic metasurface platform offers a small-scale light-manipulation system, presenting considerable potential for fast, real-time detection of SARS-CoV-2 and pathogens in resource-limited settings.

JournalACS Nano
Date Published2022-09-20
PublisherAmerican Chemical Society
Keywordsfano resonance, large-scale metasurface, Microfluidics, point-of-care detection, SARS-CoV-2, surface plasmon resonance
RightsembargoedAccess (2 Years)
Peer reviewedyes

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