Dermal papilla cells and melanocytes response to physiological oxygen levels depends on their interactions

last updated: 2021-12-23
ProjectECM_INK :: publications list
TitleDermal papilla cells and melanocytes response to physiological oxygen levels depends on their interactions
Publication TypePapers in Scientific Journals
Year of Publication2021
AuthorsAbreu C. M., Reis R. L., and Marques A. P.
Background: Human dermal papilla (DP) cells and melanocytes (hMel) are central players in hair growth and pigmentation, respectively. In hair follicles (HFs), oxygen (O2) levels average 5%, being coupled with the production of reactive oxygen species (ROS), necessary to promote hair growth.Materials and Methods: DP cell and hMel proliferation and phenotype were stud-ied under physiological (5%O2, physoxia) or atmospheric (21%O2, normoxia) oxygen levels. hMel-DP cells interactions were studied in indirect co-culture or by directly co-culturing hMel with DP spheroids, to test whether their interaction affected the response to physoxia.Results: Physoxia decreased DP cell senescence and improved their secretome and phenotype, as well as hMel proliferation, migration, and tyrosinase activity. In indi-rect co- cultures, physoxia affected DP cells’ alkaline phosphatase (ALP) activity but their signalling did not influence hMel proliferation or tyrosinase activity. Additionally, ROS production was higher than in monocultures but a direct correlation between ROS generation and ALP activity in DP cells was not observed. In the 3D aggregates, where hMel are organized around the DP, both hMel tyrosinase and DP cells ALP ac-tivities, their main functional indicators, plus ROS production were higher in physoxia than normoxia.Conclusions: Overall, we showed that the response to physoxia differs according to hMel-DP cells interactions and that the microenvironment recreated when in direct contact favours their functions, which can be relevant for hair regeneration purposes.
JournalCell Proliferation
Date Published2021-02-07
PublisherJohn Wiley & Sons Ltd
Keywordsdermal papilla, hair follicle, melanocytes
Peer reviewedyes

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