Contactless Resolution of Inflammatory Signals in Tailored Macrophage-Based Cell Therapeutics

last updated: 2024-02-02
ProjectMagTendon :: publications list
TitleContactless Resolution of Inflammatory Signals in Tailored Macrophage-Based Cell Therapeutics
Publication TypePapers in Scientific Journals
Year of Publication2023
AuthorsAlmeida A. F., Miranda M. S., Vinhas A., Rodrigues M. T., and Gomes M. E.

In recent years, nanotechnology-based microRNA (miR) therapeutic platforms have shown great promise for immunotherapy and tissue regeneration, despite the unmet challenge of achieving efficient and safe delivery of miRs. The transport of miRs offers precision and regulatory value for a myriad of biological processes and pathways, including the control of macrophage (Mφ) functions and, consequently, the inflammatory cascades Mφ are involved in. Thus, enforcement of Mφ can boost the regenerative process and provide new solutions for diverse chronic pathologies. In this study, we sought to develop a magnetically guided transporter to deliver an miR-155 antagonist to M1-primed Mφ. Furthermore, we determined its modulatory effect in reprogramming Mφ from inflammatory to pro-regenerative phenotypes, with the aim of tissue healing and regenerative medicine approaches. This strategy combines contactless and high-precision control of Mφ, anticipating new functional miR carriers for targeted strategies controlled by extracorporeal action. The magnetoplexes SPION@PEI-miR were efficiently delivered into Mφ without compromising cell viability and successfully induced miR-mediated gene silencing by enhancing the expression of anti-inflammatory markers (IL4 and IL10) and the production of M2φ-related markers (CD206 and IL4). Given its multimodal features, SPION@PEI-miR represents a simple, safe, and nonviral theranostic platform that enables imaging, tracking, and miR delivery with modulatory effects on immune cells.

JournalACS Appl Mater Interfaces
Date Published2023-08-01
Keywordsmacrophages, magnetoplexes, miR-155, RNA delivery, SPION
Peer reviewedyes

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