Chitosan/ Polyester – Based Scaffolds For Cartilage Tissue Engineering: Assessment of Extracellular Matrix Formation

last updated: 2014-12-11
TitleChitosan/ Polyester – Based Scaffolds For Cartilage Tissue Engineering: Assessment of Extracellular Matrix Formation
Publication TypePapers in Scientific Journals
Year of Publication2009
AuthorsAlves da Silva, ML, Crawford A., Mundy J. M., Correlo V. M., Sol P. C., Bhattacharya M., Hatton P. V., Reis R. L., and Neves N. M.

Naturally derived polymers have been extensively used in scaffold production for cartilage tissue engi- neering. The present work aims to evaluate and characterize extracellular matrix (ECM) formation in two types of chitosan-based scaffolds, using bovine articular chondrocytes (BACs). The influence of these scaffolds’ porosity, as well as pore size and geometry, on the formation of cartilagineous tissue was stud- ied. The effect of stirred conditions on ECM formation was also assessed. Chitosan-poly(butylene succi- nate) (CPBS) scaffolds were produced by compression moulding and salt leaching, using a blend of 50% of each material. Different porosities and pore size structures were obtained. BACs were seeded onto CPBS scaffolds using spinner flasks. Constructs were then transferred to the incubator, where half were cul- tured under stirred conditions, and the other half under static conditions for 4 weeks. Constructs were characterized by scanning electron microscopy, histology procedures, immunolocalization of collagen type I and collagen type II, and dimethylmethylene blue assay for glycosaminoglycan (GAG) quantifica- tion. Both materials showed good affinity for cell attachment. Cells colonized the entire scaffolds and were able to produce ECM. Large pores with random geometry improved proteoglycans and collagen type II production. However, that structure has the opposite effect on GAG production. Stirred culture condi- tions indicate enhancement of GAG production in both types of scaffold.

JournalActa Biomaterialia
Date Published2009-09-27
KeywordsBovine chondrocyte, cartilage, Chitin/chitosan, Scaffold, Tissue engineering
Peer reviewedyes

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